The problem of enlarged pores spoils the life of many women of all ages and skin types, especially for those with oily and combination skin.
When a woman doesn’t take proper care of her skin, pores become larger and can be easily clogged. This usually leads to blackheads, pimples, discolorations or excessive sebum production. When large pores are not treated correctly at early stage they may look worse than they actually are.
Enlarged pores mostly appear on the T-zone, forehead and chin. Pores are a natural part of the skin and play a vital role in skin physiology. It is obvious that without them the skin won’t be able “to breathe“.
Their secretion ensures essential skin moisture and oiliness and all the nutrients are supplied through them.
Enlarged pores can be caused by: genetics, hormonal changes, sun damage, acne, blackheads, trapped dirt, oil, dead skin cells, improper skincare, overuse of makeup, smoking, etc.
Though you can do nothing about genetics or sun damage you do have chances to prevent pores enlargement due to other causes.
For example, in 78 percent of the cases the pores enlarge due to improper skin care. If you don’t remove your makeup in the evening, don’t cleanse your face twice a day, don’t use moisturizers and don’t exfoliate your skin regularly you are more likely to have enlarged pores.
Large pores appear when you mistreat blackheads and pimples. For instance, if you squeeze a blackhead or a pimple you may stretch the pore.
Pores become larger when they are clogged, dilated or infected. That’s why the best way to keep your pores small and less visible is to keep your skin clean all the time.
Unfortunately no one can make large pores invisible and shrink them for ever but there are a few things and procedures that can help you to minimize their appearance.
Treatments for enlarged pores:
Chemical peels appear to be effective in reducing the size of large pores. Chemical peel with Trichloreacetic acid (TCA) is the most appropriate peel, our favorite is the Gorgeous peel from 'I'M FABULOUS® (because it has no downtime) for enlarged pores because the acid penetrates deeper into the skin and removes the damaged layers of the skin, allowing new cells to form. We love the Bio Gorgeous Peel from I'M FABULOUS®
Microdermabrasion is a non-chemical procedure used to exfoliate and rejuvenate the skin by using a tool that sprays tiny microcrystal particles on the skin. It is a perfect procedure for shrinking big pores, lessening the appearance of pores by roughening up the skin, loosening the dead skin cells that clog the pores.
The treatment, when performed by a specialist, removes the upper layer of the skin and reduces the size of the pores, wrinkles, fine lines, dark spots, acne scars and blemishes.
Laser resurfacing treats not only large pores but also wrinkles, discolorations caused by sun damage, post-acne scars and, what is the most important, it boost collagen production which is essential for the skin elasticity and healthy look. The treatment tones, lifts and tightens skin on the face and stimulates long-term collagen and elastin rebuilding.
Deep pore cleansing treatment is the best treatment for large pores caused by puberty as it balances oil (sebum) production, removes congestion and helps healthy new cells to form. To achieve best results deep pore cleansing should be performed by a beautician or by a dermatologist.
Topical vitamin A treatments
They include: Renova, Retin A, Avage, Tretinoin. Vitamin A is considered to help minimize pores in size. As a result of the treatment pores are unclogged by loosening blackheads and speeding up cell growth.
Exoliation is improtant for keeping your skin clean and to prevent enlargement of pores. Opt for a mild exfoliator to get rid of the dead skin cells, but make sure it’s good for your skin type. However, there is an alternative for home exfoliation. It is a Microdermabrasion kit. Choose famous and good brands as their kits usually include gentle exfoliator and post-treatment moisturizer. These products refinish skin texture, erase sun damage, reduce discoloration, smooth signs of aging, refine pores and even out skin tone.
Reducing the excess oiliness
Large pores can be caused by excess oil (sebum) production. Thus, it’s highly recommended to control the sebum production. There are many products, specially designed for this purpose. They tend to reduce and control the excess surface oil and prevent clogging of the pores and pore plugging which usually contributes to pore visibility. Opt for products containing Nordihydraguaiaretic Acid as it reduces the sebum production.
Using pore minimizing creams and lotions
Pore minimizing (refining) products should be definitely included into your skin care kit. They target the production of sebum deep in the pores, clear away debris and reduce the size of the large pores. Look for moisturizers containing natural ingredients, vitamins, retinol to increase the collagen production.
Applying tightening face masks
To keep your pores clean you must do a pore refining mask once or twice a week. Such masks deeply cleanse pores and draw out the impurities while refining the skin texture.
Steaming your face once a week will help you to clean your pores thoroughly deep, to loosen debris and to open the pores. High temperature stimulates the pores to open and this way the skin clears itself from the toxins. A deep cleaning face mask works well after steaming your face.
As you can see there are plenty of ways to treat enlarged pores, especially if you take into account the fact these methods are just the most popular and there are many others.
Now you have to decide which of the procedures will be more appropriate for you. But don’t forget about daily skin care, as you can use many of the techniques describes above but they will not be effective if you don’t take care of your skin properly.